In the following days between 25 October and 4 November, the 50th, 7th, 44th divisions, 1st and 2nd Free French and the Royal Hellenic Brigades, supported by artillery and armour, failed to break through in the southern sector. [2], At the beginning of the Italian participation in World War Two there were:[2], On 15 January 1941 both Libyan Paratroopers School and Libyan Paratroopers Battalion were assigned to the defence of El Fteiah airport (near Derna) with 850 troops (418 Italians and 432 Libyans). Durante la visita, il comandante della grande unità, generale di brigata Massimo Mingiardi, ha illustrato le principali attività addestrative ed operative in cui è impegnato il proprio […] La fine della guerra e la resa tedesca 73 8. The history of the 185th Division "Folgore" spans from late 1930s, when its immediate ancestors were established, to 1945, when its immediate successor was disbanded. On the same date the Paratroopers Division Artillery Regiment was activated. The Folgore used everything at their disposal including letting the Allied soldiers advance into a "cul-de-sac" and then launching a counterattack from all sides. On 27 July 1942 the division's name was changed to 185th Infantry Division "Folgore" and its regiments were renumbered and renamed as well. In 1938 Marshal of the Air Force Italo Balbo established the Camp-School for Paratrooper of the Libyan Troops under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Goffredo Tonini and stationed at the airport of Castel Benito near Tripoli. Categoria Brigata Paracadutisti “Folgore” Abbigliamento Esercito Italiano. [4] The division initially was organized as follows: For reasons of order of precedence the title I Paratroopers Battalion was reserved for the I Carabinieri Paratroopers Battalion. was issued 47/32 guns only, with only anti-tank tasks, and also that with serious limitations- but it was unapt for instance to provide a normal fire support, lacking the curved fire capability. Before the departing for North Africa the 185th Infantry Regiment "Folgore" and 187th Infantry Regiment "Folgore" switched units: the 185th ceded the more experienced II and IV to 187th, which in turn ceded the VIII and X to the 185th. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press, p.46, G.Lunardi, P.Compagni "I paracadutisti Italiani 1937/45", Editrice Militare Italiana, Milano 1989, pag.41, "Brigata Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "185° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "187° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "186° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "185° Reggimento Artiglieria Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "8° Reggimento Genio Guastatori Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "American Historian Praises The Role Of The Folgore In North Africa", Harry Zinder's nov 16, 1942 report for TIME MAGAZINE, Parachute landing troops on Kefalonia. [6], In 1942 the division was further augmented: on 15 January the II Paratroopers Artillery Group was raised, followed by the III Paratroopers Artillery Group on 10 March. The Folgore used everything at their disposal including letting the Allied soldiers advance into a "cul-de-sac" and then launching a counterattack from all sides. [3] Two years later, in 1939, two Paratroopers Military School based in Tarquinia and in Viterbo were established. Additionally the following soldiers of the division were awarded a Gold Medal of Military Valor during the Western Desert Campaign: On 25 September 1944 the Italian Co-Belligerent Army raised the Combat Group "Folgore" with soldiers and materiel from the disbanded 184th Paratroopers Division "Nembo". [3] Two years later, in 1939, two Paratroopers Military School based in Tarquinia and in Viterbo were established. Di seguito viene riportato l'elenco dei reggimenti dell'Esercito Italiano creati dalla sua istituzione nel 1946. [15] With a few survivors and some replacement, the 285º Battaglione Paracadutisti "Folgore", a battaillon-size unit commandeered by Captain Lombardini, was formed, and participated to the defense of the Mareth Line in Tunisia in mid 1943, particularly at the Battle of Takrouna, where it was destroyed. I due gommoni corrono veloci sul fiume, sospinti dai potenti motori fuoribordo. Trae origine dal Reparto Comando e Trasmissioni Paracadutisti "Folgore" costituito il 1° gennaio 1976 per la Brigata. HMSO 1966], The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume IV: The Destruction of the Axis Forces in Africa. The regiment took command of the three paratroopers artillery groups, which each fielded two batteries with four 47/32 cannons per battery. "Come Folgore dal Cielo" Sempre! [6] The division was intended to be used in Operation Hercules – the planned Axis invasion of Malta. Ambrosini - Passignano nel 1941-1943. 1 National (i.e. ... Battaglione Logistico “Folgore” e reparti minori. [4] The new structure was as follows: The division was then sent to Italian Libya to bolster Axis forces in the Western Desert campaign. For the Italian Cold War mechanized division, see, Playfair I.S.O. At El-Alamein, throughout several engagements, the paratroopers were either able to resist the attacks made upon them or, when the Allied forces had been successful in completely wiping out the first line of Folgore outposts, to reform again, usually counterattacking. Ne combatterono parecchi, soprattutto nell'esercito francese, italiano e britannico. Tenente Generale (ris) Mario Righele Nato a TRETTO (VI) il l6.01.1946, ha frequentato dal 1965 al 1967 l’Accademia Militare di MODENA e dal 1967 al 1969 la Scuola di Applicazione del Servizio Autom… The 185th Artillery, 186th Paratroopers and 187th Paratroopers regiments received a second Gold Medal for specific actions during the Second Battle of El Alamein. Trasportano otto guastatori paracadutisti della Brigata Folgore, un team ACTR da ricognizione del genio specializzato nella raccolta di informazioni tecniche, analisi degli ostacoli e delle infrastrutture. During the latter division put up a fierce defense against attacking Commonwealth forces, managing to drive repeated attacks conducted by tanks and infantry. ... La maggior parte dei Soci della Sezione proviene dalle Unità e Reparti del Comando del 5° Corpo d'Armata/1° Comando Forze di Difesa i quali erano coordinati e gestiti logisticamente ed operativamente dallo "Stato Maggiore" di "Palazzo PICCIN" in via Celante, 58. Brigata Paracadutisti Folgore E’ l’unica unità paracadutista dell’Esercito Italiano con quartier generale a Livorno. [6] When the division arrived in Africa the three artillery groups of the 185th Artillery Regiment "Folgore" were merged into two artillery groups of three batteries each, thus providing one group for each infantry regiment, which in turn could now provide one battery to each battalion of a regiment. Therefore, the battalions in the Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore" were given the names of the regiments of the former 185th Paratroopers Division "Folgore". Il battaglione festeggia la battaglia di Sidi Bilal in Libia (20 settembre 1912) dove si guadagna la … [6], In North Africa the division participated in the First and Second Battle of El Alamein. [6], In North Africa the division participated in the First and Second Battle of El Alamein. In June 1942 the divisions name was changed to 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore and its regiments renumbered and renamed as well. Per quello che ti ho chiesto se ti è mai capitato di vedere un Alce. The Allied attack began with an artillery barrage, followed by an all out assault by the 7th Armoured and 44th Infantry divisions. Non ho un elenco del numero di reparti o informazioni particolarmente precise, ma provo a dare una risposta. [14] At the end of the battle of El Alamein, Harry Zinder of Time magazine noted that the Italians paratroopers fought better than had been expected, and commented that: "In the south, the famed Folgore Paratroopers Division fought to the last round of ammunition". The Allied attack began with an artillery barrage, followed by an all out assault by the 7th Armoured and 44th Infantry divisions. After the end of the Cold War the Italian Army decided to rename the battalions in the brigade as regiments for historical reasons. [4] The Division held back countless attacks from tanks with use of homemade incendiary's to usage of hand grenades and firing of the M28 grenade launchers at tanks. [8] On 15 March 1942 the 3rd Paratroopers Infantry Regiment with the battalions VIII, IX, and X was raised in Tarquinia.[6]. The few survivors, who managed to withdraw, were reorganized into the 285th Formation Battalion and fought in Tunisia, where they surrendered to the Allies in 1943.[10][11][13]. [14] At the end of the battle of El Alamein, Harry Zinder of Time magazine noted that the Italians paratroopers fought better than had been expected, and commented that: "In the south, the famed Folgore Paratroopers Division fought to the last round of ammunition". La storia di El Alamein non la conosce quasi nessuno perché fino al ’43 è stata soffocata completamente. School Command (the Commander was a senior officer of the Air force, the Deputy Commander a senior officer of the Army); 1st Paratroopers Infantry Regiment (raised 1 April 1941), 2nd Paratroopers Infantry Regiment (raised 1 September 1941), VIII Paratroopers Battalion (re-roled as Paratroopers Sapper unit in May 1942), Division Headquarters and Headquarters Company, II Paratroopers Battalion (from 185th Infantry Regiment "Nembo"), IV Paratroopers Battalion (from 185th Infantry Regiment "Nembo"), I Paratroopers Artillery Group (3x batteries with, III Paratroopers Artillery Group (3x batteries with 47/32 cannons), 7th Paratroopers Artillery Battery (47/32 cannons), 20th Mortar Company (81mm Model 35 mortars and M28 Mortars), 185th Mining and Explosives Engineers Company, Corporal Major Antonio ANDRIOLO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23 – November 4, 1942, First Lieutenant Roberto BANDINI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, First Lieutenant Ferruccio BRANDI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 24, 1942, Second Lieutenant Pietro BRUNO 132d Transport Regiment, Private Giuseppe CAPPELLETTO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Private Giacomo CESARONI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 29, 1942, Private Leandro FRANCHI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, November 1942, Second Lieutenant Giovanni GAMBAUDO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–24, 1942, First Lieutenant Marco GOLA, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–24, 1942, Private Gerardo LUSTRISSIMI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Sergeant Major Dario PIRLONE, 185th Artillery Regiment, October 24, 1942, Sergeant Nicola PISTILLO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Corporal Major Dario PONZECCHI, 185th Paratroopers Regiment, October 26, 1942, Captain Costantino RUSPOLI, Prince of Poggio Suasa, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 26–27, 1942, Captain Gastone SIMONI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–27, 1942, Sergeant Major Mario GIARETTO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, August 8, 1942, Second Lieutenant Omero LUCCHI, Folgore Division Artillery, August 31 – September 4, 1942, Sapper Clinio MISSERVILLE, 185th Assault Sapper Company, September 10, 1942, Major Aurelio ROSSI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, August 20 – September 3, 1942, Captain Fabio RUGIADI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, August 30, 1942, Lieutenant Colonel Carlo Marescotti RUSPOLI, Prince of Poggio Suasa, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, First Lieutenant Giovanni STARACE, Folgore Division, July - November, 1942, Second Lieutenant Giovanni STASSI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, August 25 – September 2, 1942, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 17:33. Gli inglesi, quando videro che non riuscivano a spuntarla in alcun modo, crearono i Reparti anti-Folgore. Il Macchi M.C.202 Folgore era un aereo monomotore, monoposto, monoplano ad ala bassa a sbalzo progettato dalla italiana Aeronautica Macchi e prodotto anche dalla Breda di Sesto S.Giovanni e dalla S.A.I. After the end of the Cold War the Italian Army decided to rename the battalions in the brigade as regiments for historical reasons. [4] The new structure was as follows: The division was then sent to Italian Libya to bolster Axis forces in the Western Desert campaign. FOLGORE Folgore BLITZ Die Geschichte der "Folgore", italienische Fallschirmj ger, ist in zwei Teile zu betrachten. [10][11] Operation Lightfoot, launched on 24 October 1942, was designed to break through the weak Italian-held southern sector of the Alamein line where the Bologna, Brescia, Pavia and Folgore Divisions anchored the right flank. During the Second battle of El Alamein the Folgore Division came under attack from three Allied divisions 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division, 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 7th Armoured Division, and the 1st Free French Brigade. [1], By 1939 there were two Libyan Paratroopers Battalions. Few the mortars and the machine guns, the only advantage being the Beretta sub-machine gun the standard personal weapon. SpecialPencil. Gli inglesi arrivarono a selezionare una speciale unità denominata “anti-folgore” per poterla fronteggiare! Dovrà, dopo una ritirata di 2.000 km condotta con grande abilità, riaccendere la battaglia in Tunisia. Italian) Paratroopers Battalion: 300 troops, 4 Companies. Fanteria. [3] School personnel was drawn from the Air force, while personnel to instruct consisted of Royal Italian Army officers and sub-officers. After the war the combat group became the Mechanized Division "Folgore", which was disbanded on 31 October 1986. [2], After quarrels,[2] in 1937 paratroopers schools were assigned by law to the Regia Aeronautica. di Sandro Addario - lunedì, 23 Febbraio 2015 14:32 - Cronaca [12] On 6 November, after having exhausted all its ammunition, the remainder of the Division surrendered. Nove gare rinviate, di cui sei già rifissate il 9 dicembre Domani in campo ulteriori recuperi delle gare rinviate nelle scorse settimane, cala il numero di rinvi, col nuovo protocollo che favorirà la prosecuzione e conclusione della competizione. For its conduct during the Second Battle of El Alamein the division as whole was awarded a Gold Medal of Military Valor. They also used their 47mm Anti-tank guns from enfilade positions and Molotov cocktails to knock out advancing armor. Before the departing for North Africa the 185th Infantry Regiment "Folgore" and 187th Infantry Regiment "Folgore" switched units: the 185th ceded the more experienced II and IV to 187th, which in turn ceded the VIII and X to the 185th. [2], After quarrels,[2] in 1937 paratroopers schools were assigned by law to the Regia Aeronautica. Festa paracadutisti, 66° anniversario El Alamein, caserma Vannucci 25/10/2008 E con simbologie che, secondo l'Anpi, ricorderebbero quelle di alcuni "reparti nazifascisti". 19 luglio 2012. However, the four divisions attacking the Folgore positions in the south had also been given breakthrough objectives. Ci rispettano più all’estero che in Italia. For the Italian Cold War mechanized division, see, Playfair I.S.O. Ad ogni modo direi che la Folgore e' l'elite dei reparti base (non-fos), non certo della FFAA. During the Second battle of El Alamein the Folgore Division came under attack from three Allied divisions 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division, 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 7th Armoured Division, and the 1st Free French Brigade. Cioè: ho capito che nei magazzini dei reparti si può trovare di tutto, anche materiale radiato (tipo le moto Guzzi). Parte Prima - Congedati Folgore. ... che per i giubbotti anti-proiettile (pure per le fondine e gli anfibi). (2004) [1st. Direct and immediate origins of the 185th Paratroopers Division "Folgore" lie in the Paratroopers units formed in the wake of the breaking out of the World War Two. [4] The Division held back countless attacks from tanks with use of homemade incendiary's to usage of hand grenades and firing of the M28 grenade launchers at tanks. During the latter division put up a fierce defense against attacking Commonwealth forces, managing to drive repeated attacks conducted by tanks and infantry. La guerra sulle Alpi e l’operazione “Dragoon” 67 6.1 La battaglia del Piccolo S. Bernardo 68 6.2 La battaglia del Piccolo Moncenisio 69 7. Reparti anti-partigiani Divisione “Leonessa” Divisione della “Folgore” Nomi: Note sui presunti responsabili: --- Estremi e Note sui procedimenti: --- III. pub. They also used their 47mm Anti-tank guns from enfilade positions and Molotov cocktails to knock out advancing armor. Alle dipendenze del Comando delle Forze Operative Terrestri di Verona, ha nel suo organico diversi reparti dislocati principalmente in Toscana. [3] In late November 1940 was established only one Paratroopers Battalion.[2]. They also used their 47mm Anti-tank guns from enfilade positions and Molotov cocktails to knock out advancing armor. The division was sent to Africa and fought in the Battle of El Alamein with the following structure:[16]. Con l'inserimento in organico della Compagnia genio guastatori paracadutisti "Folgore" si ridenomina Reparto Comando e Supporti Tattici Paracadutisti "Folgore". "Un monumento non dedicato alla pace ma alla guerra". (PL), 2nd Cavalry Division Emanuele Filiberto Testa di Ferro, 3rd Cavalry Division Principe Amedeo Duca d'Aosta, 21st Infantry Division Granatieri di Sardegna, 22nd Infantry Division Cacciatori delle Alpi, 40th Infantry Division Cacciatori d'Africa, 65th Infantry Division Granatieri di Savoia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=185th_Paratroopers_Division_Folgore&oldid=993260393, Military units and formations established in 1941, Military units and formations disestablished in 1943, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [15] With a few survivors and some replacement, the 285º Battaglione Paracadutisti "Folgore", a battaillon-size unit commandeered by Captain Lombardini, was formed, and participated to the defense of the Mareth Line in Tunisia in mid 1943, particularly at the Battle of Takrouna, where it was destroyed. On 1 January 1963 the Italian Army raised the I Paratroopers Brigade in Pisa, which received the name "Folgore" on 10 June 1967. Agli uomini della Folgore era stato ordinato di trattenere il nemico per 24 ore, invece hanno tenuto la posizione per ben 72 ore, distruggendo oltre 100 carri armati e veicoli nemici. History of the Second World War; United Kingdom Military Series. [8], On 15 September the 185th Infantry Regiment "Folgore", which had remained in Italy, left the division and changed its name to 185th Infantry Regiment "Nembo" and became the basis for the 184th Infantry Division "Nembo" (Nemo Italian for Nimbus). Italian) Paratroopers Battalion: 300 troops, 4 Companies. I giovani di oggi … Ha una gittata tra i 500 ed i 1.000 metri ed è in grado di perforare circa 450 mm di corazza. School Command (the Commander was a senior officer of the Air force, the Deputy Commander a senior officer of the Army); 1st Paratroopers Infantry Regiment (raised 1 April 1941), 2nd Paratroopers Infantry Regiment (raised 1 September 1941), VIII Paratroopers Battalion (re-roled as Paratroopers Sapper unit in May 1942), Division Headquarters and Headquarters Company, II Paratroopers Battalion (from 185th Infantry Regiment "Nembo"), IV Paratroopers Battalion (from 185th Infantry Regiment "Nembo"), I Paratroopers Artillery Group (3x batteries with, III Paratroopers Artillery Group (3x batteries with 47/32 cannons), 7th Paratroopers Artillery Battery (47/32 cannons), 20th Mortar Company (81mm Model 35 mortars and M28 Mortars), 185th Mining and Explosives Engineers Company, Corporal Major Antonio ANDRIOLO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23 – November 4, 1942, First Lieutenant Roberto BANDINI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, First Lieutenant Ferruccio BRANDI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 24, 1942, Second Lieutenant Pietro BRUNO 132d Transport Regiment, Private Giuseppe CAPPELLETTO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Private Giacomo CESARONI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 29, 1942, Private Leandro FRANCHI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, November 1942, Second Lieutenant Giovanni GAMBAUDO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–24, 1942, First Lieutenant Marco GOLA, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–24, 1942, Private Gerardo LUSTRISSIMI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Sergeant Major Dario PIRLONE, 185th Artillery Regiment, October 24, 1942, Sergeant Nicola PISTILLO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Corporal Major Dario PONZECCHI, 185th Paratroopers Regiment, October 26, 1942, Captain Costantino RUSPOLI, Prince of Poggio Suasa, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 26–27, 1942, Captain Gastone SIMONI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–27, 1942, Sergeant Major Mario GIARETTO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, August 8, 1942, Second Lieutenant Omero LUCCHI, Folgore Division Artillery, August 31 – September 4, 1942, Sapper Clinio MISSERVILLE, 185th Assault Sapper Company, September 10, 1942, Major Aurelio ROSSI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, August 20 – September 3, 1942, Captain Fabio RUGIADI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, August 30, 1942, Lieutenant Colonel Carlo Marescotti RUSPOLI, Prince of Poggio Suasa, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, First Lieutenant Giovanni STARACE, Folgore Division, July - November, 1942, Second Lieutenant Giovanni STASSI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, August 25 – September 2, 1942, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 17:33.